Evidence Selection

Tools for Practice are divided into four sections:

  • Question
  • Evidence
  • Context
  • Bottom-line

Authors perform a search of Medline-PubMed and frequently Google scholar. They also review guidelines and track references or cited articles. Relevant studies are then critically appraised and summarized as much as possible into the Evidence section.

The Evidence section starts, whenever possible, with the highest levels of evidence (Systematic Review & Meta-analysis and/or Randomized Controlled Trials).

The Context section includes limitations of the evidence, weaker evidence (e.g. cohort or case-control studies) related to the question, guidelines, and important aspects of application.

The Bottom-line is a plain language summary to address the question and provide clinicians a focused answer for the clinical issue.

Tools for practice are targeted to be 300 words (without title or references) and have a maximum limited of 350 words. Three to five drafts are common before the article goes to peer-review. Citations are done in abbreviated style (journal, year, volume, and pages) and, since May 2012, the first three authors are included.

For more information on the peer review process, please refer to the Peer Review page.